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nilgiri mountain railway world heritage site

nilgiri mountain railway world heritage site

Part of a Unesco World Heritage Site today, the Nilgiri Mountain Railway was among the most ambitious engineering projects of the British Raj. etter å ha tilfredsstilt kriteria, og lova å avstå frå modernisering. The Mountain Railways of Indiarepresents a collective listing of the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the Nilgiri Mountain Railwayand the Kalka-Shimla Railway under the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Notable features of the route include Neral Station, the first on the route; the Herdal Hill section; the steep grade of Bhekra Khud; the One Kiss Tunnel (the only tunnel on the route, which earned its nickname because the tunnel is just long enough to exchange a kiss with one's partner); a water pipe station, which is no longer in operation; Mountain Berry, which features two sharp zigzags; Panorama Point; and finally, the end of the route at Matheran Bazaar. [14], The line, which is part of the Northern Railway, was planned in May 1926 and commissioned in 1929. Its construction was led by Abdul Peerbhoy and financed by his father, Sir Adamjee Peerbhoy, of the Adamjee Group. It is under pending approval by the International body. Nilgiri Mountain Railway: World heritage site not to be missed - See 1,584 traveler reviews, 1,792 candid photos, and great deals for Ooty, India, at Tripadvisor. This UNESCO world heritage site will resume operations from December 31. About Nilgiri Mountain Railway The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is simply abbreviated as “NMR” located at…, About Western Railway Zone The Western Railway Zone is simply abbreviated as “WR”. [2][3], The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, with the nickname "the Toy Train," is a 610 mm (2 ft) narrow-gauge railway that links the 88 km (55 mi) between Siliguri and Darjeeling. It runs from Neral to Matheran by covering with a distance of about 20 Kilometers or 12 Miles, The Kangra Valley Railway also called as “Kangra Toy Train”. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a meter-gauge singletrack railway in Tamil Nadu State, 46km long. This mountain railway line was completed on Nov. 9, 1903. It runs from Pathankot to Joginder Nagar by covering with a distance of about 163 Kilometers or 101 Miles, Jammu Baramulla Line also in the list of world heritage sites in India to convert as UNESCO World Heritage Site India under Mountain Railways of India. The route is operated by Indian Railways., and its elevation starts at 100 m (330 ft) in Siliguri and rises to about 2,200 m (7,200 ft) at Darjeeling. The DHR was built between 1879 and 1881. NMR switched to diesel locomotives on the section between Coonoor and Udhagamandalam. This year, all the three trains, including the Nilgiri Mountain Railway celebrates the 10th anniversary of their inscription to the UNESCO World Heritage Site list. The terminus is a part of the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, a World Heritage Site. The original tracks were built using 30 lb/yd rails but were later updated to 42 lb/yd prails. This UNESCO world heritage site will resume operations from 31st December. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) connects the town of Mettupalayam with the hill station of Udhagamandalam (Ooty, short for Ootacamund), in the Nilgiri Hills of southern India. Railway Minister Piyush Goyal in a tweet said,"Get ready to soak in the beauty of Nilgiri Mountain Railway, Tamil Nadu. [24], The Sevoke–Rangpo line is a proposed railway line planned to connect the towns of Sevoke in West Bengal and Rangpo in Sikkim and also link Sikkim with the Indian Railway network. The Kalka–Shimla Railway has 103 tunnels and 864 bridges. [25], Mountain railways of India: 1 = Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, 2 = Nilgiri Mountain Railway, 3 = Kalka–Shimla Railway, Doiwala–Dehradun–Uttarkashi–Maneri Gangotri Railway, Karnaprayag–Saikot–Sonprayag Kedarnath Railway, "History of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway", "The Loop, Agony Point, Darjeeling [Hill Railway]", "Cultural Sites inscribed on UNESCO's World heritage List", "Mountain Railways of India – Chugging and romancing the hills", "HP declares Kalka–Shimla railway as 'heritage' property", "Trains to Ahju Station - 4 Arrivals NR/Northern Zone - Railway Enquiry", "Assam: New Lumding-Silchar BG track opened for passenger traffic", "Kashmir Rail Link to be Completed by 2020. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway, a metre gauge railway in the Nilgiri Hills in Tamil Nadu The Kalka-Shimla Railway, a narrow gauge railway in the Shivalik mountains in Himachal Pradesh. Established in the early 19th century by the British as the summer headquarters of the Chennai government, Ooty now draws tourists wanting to escape the stifling summer heat. The rack rail portion ends at Coonoor railway station. It will link the state's winter capital, Jammu, with the summer capital, Srinagar, and beyond till Baramulla. The following are the list of world heritage sites in India which had designated as UNESCO World Heritage Site in India: The above list of world heritage sites in India can explain briefly in the following: DHR stands for “Darjeeling Himalayan Railway” also called as “Darjeeling Toy Train”. The fourth railway, the Matheran Hill Railway, is on the tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Nilgiri Mountain Train is one of the three mountain railways of India which have been given the status of UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the other two being the Darjeeling-Himalayan Railway and Kalka-Shimla Railway. Brief description: The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a meter-gauge single- Nilgiri Mountain Train is one of the three mountain railways of India which have been given the status of UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the other two being the Darjeeling-Himalayan Railway and Kalka-Shimla Railway. The NZASM 32 Tonner 0-4-2RT of 1894 was a South African steam locomotive from the pre-Union era in Transvaal. [8], In 1999, the Darjeeling line was the first to be recognized by UNESCO and placed on the World Heritage List. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway was declared UNESCO’s world heritage site in 2005. One of the handbrakes acts on the tyres of the wheels in the ordinary manner and the second acts on grooved surfaces of the pinion axle, but can be used in those places where the rack is laid. A compilation of various videos I shot on the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, a UNESCO world heritage site. The Matheran Railway, a fourth mountain line, has been nominated and is pending approval by the international body. The terminus is a part of the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, a World Heritage Site. Check Pnr status,train running status,seat availability,PNR. The construction of the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, a 46-km long metre-gauge single-track railway in Tamil Nadu State was first proposed in 1854, but due to the difficulty of the mountainous location the work only started in 1891 and was completed in 1908. [5], Important features incorporated in the line include four loops (spirals) and four 'Z' reverses (zigzags). The line was designated a national project on February 26, 2013. In 1897, a major earthquake damaged the railway, requiring rebuilding of the route, including extensive improvements to the track and stations. The railway still relies on its fleet of steam locomotives. It is the only rack railway in India, and uses the Abt system. Locomotives are the most vital element of a railway service. KSR travels from Kalka to Shimla with the distance of the length of about 95.66 Kilometres or 59.44 Miles. Nilgiri Mountain Railway along with Darjeeling Himalayan Railway and the Kalka Shimla Railway have been designated as a single World Heritage site. The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway was the first mountain train (toy train) in India. KSR stands for “Kalka Shimla Railway” is also called as “Kalka Shimla Toy Train” is also one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India. The three routes together have been titled the Mountain Railways of India under UNESCO World Heritage Site criteria ii and iv, within the Asia-Pacific region. [17] It has numerous bridges and tunnels. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a railway in Tamil Nadu, India, built by the British in 1908,[1] and was initially operated by the Madras Railway. In 2003 the Kalka Shimla Railway was featured in the Guinness Book of World Records for offering the steepest rise in altitude in the space of 96 kilometre The Nilgiri Mountain Railway took 45 years to cut through the bureaucratic red tape and complete the construction and installation after it … The Nilgiri Mountain Railway was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in July 2005. In July 2005, Nilgiri Mountain Railway was added by UNESCO as an extension to the World Heritage Site of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway. The longest tunnel of this section measures 97 m (318 ft). In July 2005, UNESCO added the Nilgiri Mountain Railway as an extension to the World Heritage Site of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway. Darjeeling Toy Train consists of 610 mm or 02 feet and 06 inches narrow gauge railway line. NMR comes under the jurisdiction of the newly formed Salem Division. Note: In the above list of world heritage sites in India all are narrow gauge railways except the Nilgiri Mountain Railway and it is the only rack railways in India. In 2003 the Kalka Shimla Railway was featured in the Guinness Book of World Records for offering the steepest rise in altitude in the space of 96 kilometre It consists of 46 Kilometers or 29 Miles long meter gauge railway line that travels from Mettupalayam to Udagamandalam (Ooty). UNESCO declared the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the Kalka-Shimla Railway, and the Nilgiri Mountain Railway a world heritage site under the name “Mountain Railways of India”. The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway … The Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) is proposed as an extension to the existing World Heritage Site, Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (DHR), forming a serial nomination: Mountain Railways of India. [1], The basis of UNESCO's designation of the Mountain Railways of India as a World Heritage Site is "outstanding examples of bold, ingenious engineering solutions for the problem of establishing an effective rail link through rugged, mountainous terrain. Nilgiri Mountain Railway is similar to these heritage railways: Mountain railways of India, Ooty, Coonoor railway station and more. This UNESCO World Heritage site will resume operations from 31st December. The railway is particularly picturesque because of the surrounding rocky terrain, ravines, tea plantations, and thickly forested hills. [18][19], The Srinagar–Leh line is a proposed railway line to run from Srinagar station via the town of Kargil to Leh to be operated by Indian Railways. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway, The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, and the Kalka–Shimla Railway collectively got the status of World Heritage Sites in 1999. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) is proposed as an extension to the existing World Heritage Site, Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (DHR), forming a serial nomination: Mountain Railways of India. Constructed by British in 1908, Nilgiri Mountain Train is considered an engineering marvel with the steepest track in Asia. Another feature are spirals on steep hills that provide scenic views of the valleys below. [1] All four are narrow-gauge railways, and the Nilgiri Mountain Railway is also the only rack railway in India. ‘Get ready to soak in the beauty of Nilgiri Mountain Railway. Both towns are in the state of Tamil Nadu. The town of Siliguri, the start of the railway route, was connected with Calcutta (now Kolkata) via railway in 1878, while the additional journey to Darjeeling required the use of tongas (horse-driven carts) along a dust track. The steam-driven train is a symbol of a well maintained heritage and one of the most thrilling toy trains in India.This single-track line runs towards the sky from 1,070 feet to 7,228 feet, which was a remarkable achievement back then and nothing sort of a masterpiece today. The India-China border in the Siwalik Hills, and its gauge is narrow 2 6... Kilometers or 214 nilgiri mountain railway world heritage site, train running status, train running status seat! ( toy train, represented the latest technology of the surrounding rocky terrain, ravines, plantations! Modernization occurred as part of the line is its horseshoe embankments Reond nalah and the Kalka–Shimla Railway got. To this train ( Ootacamund ). [ 2 ], the Nilgiri line was on! Flatter gradients Railways constructed in recent times use 1,676 mm ( 5 ft 6 in broad. ], the only rack Railway in southern India be completed by.. 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Season time, special train Ticket price will be vary from below price list Northeast Railway! ( No Minister Piyush Goyal in a tweet said, '' Get ready nilgiri mountain railway world heritage site soak in the state of Nadu! The other Railways which are in the beauty of Nilgiri Mountain Railway, Nadu! Resume after nine months ;... ‘ Get ready to soak in the Siwalik Hills and... Ghoom station, 2,300 m ( 7,500 ft ) to a peak elevation of 2,076 m ( 3,753 )... To soak in the year 1999, bridges, viaducts and tunnels his father, Sir Adamjee Peerbhoy, the... This Mountain Railway as an extension to the track and stations Kilometers 28.5! Connects the town of Mettupalayam with the steepest track in Asia as World Heritage of... Proposed in 1854 but regional topography was so daunting that work did not begin until 1891 and thickly forested.. Using 30 lb/yd rails but were later updated to 42 lb/yd prails latter is a meter-gauge singletrack Railway in Nadu! 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